Composition of Ballast Water from Ships Arriving at Kertih Port, Malaysia with Observations on Port and Offshore Waters, and Notes on Settlement Patterns of Fouling Organisms
AJSTD Vol 35(1-2) cover
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Keywords

fouling organisms
phytoplankton
ship ballast water
water quality
zooplankton

Abstract

We investigated plankton composition and water quality of ballast water from seven international ships docked at Kertih Port, Malaysia. Coscinodiscophyceae and cyanobacteria were the dominant phytoplankton found in ballast water samples, whereas copepod nauplii, Oithona sp., Microstella sp. and Paracalanus sp. were the dominant zooplankton. The densities for both phytoplankton and zooplankton in ships’ ballast and port waters were higher than those of offshore samples. All water quality parameters (except Cr) of port samples were within the safety levels prescribed for ports, oil and gas fields (Class 3) by the Malaysia Marine Water Quality Criteria Standard. The study of fouling organisms using PVC panels revealed that brown algae covered 87–95% of the panels’ surface area but they were subsequently succeeded by barnacles, bivalves and red encrusting algae. Barnacle recruitment, however, was greatly influenced by crab predation which left behind a high percentage cover of barnacle bases as calcareous deposits on panels.

https://doi.org/10.29037/ajstd.478
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Sanford E, Bermudez D, Bertness MD, Gaines SD. 1994. Flow, food supply and acorn barnacle population dynamics. Marine Ecology Progress Series 104:49–62.

Shamsudin L, Yasin AH, Razak SA, Yusoff MS. 1999. Microplankton (including dinoflagellate and foraminifera) in the South China Sea, Area 1: Gulf of Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia. In: Proceedings of the First Technical Seminar on Marine Fishery Resources Survey in the South China Sea AREA I: Gulf of Thailand and East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia; 1997 Nov 24-26; Bangkok, Thailand. Bangkok: Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center. p. 310–335.

Shamsudin L, Yusof M, Azis A, Shukri Y. 1997. The potential of certain indigenous copepod species as live food for commercial fish larval rearing. Aquaculture 151:351–356.

Shannon CE, Weaver W. 1963. The mathematical theory of communication. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Suratman S, Hang HC, Shazili NAM. 2009. A preliminary study of the distribution of selected trace metals in the Besut River Basin, Terengganu, Malaysia. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 82:16–19.

Suzumura M, Ingall ED. 2004. Distribution and dynamics of various forms of phosphorus in seawater: insights from field observations in the Pacific Ocean and a laboratory experiment. Deep-Sea Research 51:1113–1130.
Thompson FL, Thompson CC, Hoste B, Vandemeulebroecke
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